How to end your day after getting some sunshine? Three tips from Nature!
Dr. Giulia Leoni
It’s time to escape from suffocating heated cities and find some cool rest on seaside, at lake or in a swimming pool. Let’s pay particular attention to sunburns, especially on first sunshine days, you shouldn’t get sunshine during the hottest hours in the day and don’t forget to protect your skin with suitable sunscreens.
How to take care of your skin and nourish your entire body after a daylong suntan?
Generally speaking, after a sunshine day, we recommend restoring skin balance and contrasting free radicals formation which increases with sun exposure.
It’s better to reintegrate lost liquids by drinking a lot of water or vitamin-rich fruit juices. Concerning our diet, don’t forget to take proper amount of vitamin A, C and E, endowed with antioxidant properties and restore all lost minerals and vitamins with a light dinner.
What to do if the skin is red?
After getting all daylong sunshine our skin might turn red and irritated despite sunscreen application.
What should we do? A relaxing bath or shower with soothing actives could alleviate burning sensation and itchy, caused by sand and salt or misused sunscreen application. Cleansing our skin after suntan with a suitable product is really important not only to define suntan but only to ensure proper skin hydration. Do not misunderstand: skin hydration is not obtained by a simple shower but the application of a good cleansing and moisturizing product could really restore skin hydration.
How can I cleanse my skin?
Bagno Doccia by BeC is designed for all skin types without SLS, SLES, preservatives, dyes and artificial perfumes.
The special Malachite extract gives Bagno Doccia a unique and charming touch. Malachite was considered a sacred stone, a creativity and change symbol by Ancient Egyptians, where it was utilized as make-up powder for its green-bluish color.
It is always been symbolized by a female figure and is traditionally associated to a goddess. Its importance is related to Copper content, which has a recognized role in skin physiology because it stimulates fibroblasts which provide collagen and elastin. Scientific studies showed important antioxidant properties, complementarity to vitamins C and E, modulating the natural mechanisms of cellular defense.
Pour Bagno Doccia by BeC on water stream to give off seductive fragrance: your bath will turns in a relaxing wellness break, it wraps around your skin with a rich suds and gives a pleasant and regenerating clean sensation.
The special scent of essential oils will help to regenerate and protect your skin. The special blend of essential oils with the stimulating Cinnamon and the decongestant Peppermint gives wellness and relief after a hot sunshine day. The proper balance between mild surfactants, Oat vegetal proteins and Passion Flower oil ensures to your body a deep hygiene, good tone and moisturizing action.
Thanks to Roman Chamomile essential oil and Bisabolol, endowed with soothing action against skin irritation, Bagno Doccia helps in reducing mediators of inflammatory response being particularly suited for delicate skin.
Eventually, Aloe juice, rich in anti inflammatory phyto-components, along with antioxidant Vitamin E, contributes to soothing action with the final aim to calm stressed and overexposed skin.
If you love “ice effect”, I can suggest Idrobagno I.U. di BeC: pour some drops in your bathtub or upon a shower sponge and it will give you deep and regenerating coolness along with anti-fatigue and dermo-purifying action. After a cool and restoring shower, I basically suggest to always apply the aftersun lotion with a delicate massage up to full absorption.
Crema fluida doposole di BeC restores physiologic skin balance, particularly suited for dry skin, it ensures cutaneous hydration, since first applications, thanks to nourishing and emollient Avocado, Jojoba and Olive oils.
The moisturizing and elasticizing action of natural sugars such as Saccharide Isomerate and Ribose, along with vegetal Hyaluronic acid. The soothing efficacy, tested in BeC laboratories, is guaranteed by Hypericum oil, known for scar healing properties with botanical extracts of Mallow and Calendula. They contribute to soothe and alleviate inflammation with immediate relief. With a light texture, the fast absorbing Crema Fluida Doposole boasts a 100% natural fragrance and it will give your skin a soft and bright touch.
If you really want to end your sunshine day at the best, try to follow these important few and simple tips. Take care of your body after daylong suntan with BeC products: take care of your desired suntan to turn your skin relaxed, safe and more seductive.
Cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase and the inflammatory process
Cyclooxygenase and lipooxygenase are the two families of enzymes that are commonly involved in the inflammatory process, through a complex of reactions which is called arachidonic acid cascade. This complex of reactions develops as follows: a first enzyme, a phospholipase cleaves the phospholipids of biological membranes, releasing arachidonic acid, a polyunsaturated fatty acid with 20 carbon atoms (eicosa-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-tetraenoic acid ; C20:4; ω-6). The arachidonic acid is then transformed by two parallel enzymatic pathways, that is, by two families of enzymes: the cyclooxygenase which transforms it into prostaglandins and thromboxanes and the lipooxygenase which transforms it into hydroperoxides which in turn transform into leukotrienes .
There are two cyclooxygenase isoforms indicated with type 1 and type 2, briefly COX-1 and COX-2. COX-1 is the enzyme present in most cells (except red blood cells), and is constitutive, that is, it is always present. COX-2 is an inducible cyclooxygenase isoform: it is constitutively present in some organs such as brain, liver, kidney, stomach, heart and vascular system, while it can be induced (i.e. developed if necessary) following inflammatory stimuli on the skin, white blood cells and muscles.
There are various types of lipooxygenase that lead to different products, the most important in the inflammatory process is 5-lipooxygenase, 5-LOX.
Prostaglandins, Thromboxanes, and Leukotrienes
Prostaglandins, Thromboxanes, and Leukotrienes are chemical messengers or mediators, that is, molecules that bring a message to specific cells and activate or deactivate metabolic responses in these cells. They, therefore, have a function similar to hormones, only that, unlike what hormones do, the chemical message is carried only at a short distance, that is, only to the cells that are in the vicinity of the place where the mediators were produced. There are different prostaglandins, different thromboxanes and different leukotrienes that carry specific messages. In many cases these act as mediators of the inflammatory process , therefore they trigger all the events that are involved in inflammation:
– vasodilation with consequent blood supply (redness),
– increased capillary permeability with consequent fluid exudation (swelling or edema),
– stimulation of nociceptive nerve signals (pain),
– on-site recall of immune system cells that attack a possible invader (chemotactic action)
– activation of the biosynthesis of fibrous tissue to strengthen or repair the affected part (even if there is no need)
– generations of free radicals that can chemically destroy an invader (but also damage our tissues, i.e. they just “shoot in the middle”).
Prostaglandins and thromboxanes, however, also play important physiological roles in normal conditions, i.e. in the absence of inflammation. For example, they regulate the secretion of mucus that protects the walls of the stomach, they regulate the biosynthesis of cartilages and synovial fluid in the joints, they regulate vasodilation, hence the correct flow of blood in the various local districts, and more.
Triglycerides are the main components of most oils and fats. These are heavy, non-volatile and little polar molecules, insoluble in water, made up of glycerol (or glycerin) esterified with three molecules of fatty acids: therefore, it is a tri-ester of glycerin, from which the name derives. Each fatty acid contains 8 to 22 carbon atoms (commonly 16 to 18) and can be saturated, mono-unsaturated or poly-unsaturated. The size of the fatty acids and their saturation determines the physical and sensorial properties of the triglycerides, which can appear as oils (liquids at room temperature) or fats (solid or semi-solid) and can have greater or less greasiness and smoothness on the skin. Unsaturated triglycerides or with shorter fatty acids are more fluid and have greater flowability.
Fatty acids (saturated, mono-unsaturated and poly-unsaturated)
The name fatty acids is commonly used to indicate those organic acids that are found in the composition of lipids, that is, in animal and vegetable oils and fats, both in the free form and in the form of esters with glycerol (e.g. in triglycerides), or they are esterified with “fatty” alcohols, that is, long chain alcohols, to form waxes. Fatty acids are carboxylic acids (formula R-COOH) which have a long carbon chain (R), unlike common organic acids such as acetic acid and propionic acid, which have 2 or 3 carbon atoms in total, respectively. Fatty acids are defined as saturatedif they do not have double carbon-carbon bonds, (called “unsaturations”), they are defined mono-unsaturated if they have only one, they are defined mono-unsaturatedpoly-unsaturated if they have two or more double bonds (see figure). The term omega-3 (ω-3) or omega-6 (ω-3), refers to the position of the first double bond starting from the bottom of the chain of carbon atoms: if the first double bond is encountered after 3 carbon atoms the fatty acid is classified as omega-3 , if after six carbon atoms omega-6 , as shown in the figure. The most common saturated fatty acids are palmitic acid (16 carbon atoms and no double bond, C16: 0) and stearic acid (18 carbon atoms, 18: 0), the most common mono-unsaturated is the oleic acid, typical of olive oil (18 carbon atoms and 1 double bond in position 9, C18: 1; ω-9), while the most common poly-unsaturated are linoleic acid and linolenic acid, progenitors respectively omega-6 and omega-3 (see figure).
Terpenes and terpenoids
Terpenes or terpenoids are a large family of natural molecules, typically containing 10 to 30 carbon atoms, which are biosynthesized from a common “brick”, isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), containing 5 carbon atoms (see figure). The discovery that the repetitive brick consists of 5 carbon atoms is relatively recent, while it was once assumed that the entire family was created by repeating a brick of 10 carbon atoms, which was called “terpene”. Therefore, the molecules with 10 carbon atoms (such as limonene, see figure) were called mono-terpenes, i.e. composed of a single brick, diterpenes those with 20 carbon atoms (e.g. the cafestol that gives the aroma to the coffee), triterpenes those with 30 carbon atoms (e.g. beta-carotene). Since molecules made from 15 carbon atoms were also found (such as bisabolol), it was thought they contained a terpene and a half, and were called sesquiterpenes (from the Latin semis = half + atque = and). Today it is known that the repetitive unit is composed of 5 carbon atoms, therefore it is easy to understand how mono-terpenes contain two (see figure), sesquiterpenes three, diterpenes four, triterpenes six.